Hazard Group Project
Geography Hazards in Florence, San Andreas, and Miami.
Group: Justin Romero, Kaizhou Shi, and Gabriella Aiono
Script and Works Cited
Florence, Italy: Sea Level Rise
Florence, Italy is known for its artistic masterpieces. The likes of Michelangelo can be seen lining the walls of museums in the city. It is a place where many tourists go yearly, and it one of the top cities in Italy. Last year scientists warned that the Mediterranean Ocean may rise causing rising sea levels on land. They predict that it could rise 1.4 meters. The causes for sea levels rising are primarily due to melting ice caps and glaciers, and the thermal expansion of sea water. The proposed solutions for these rising sea levels are building tall walls, constructing levees, and planting and maintaining mangroves. Mangroves are a natural way to mitigate rising sea levels by lowering the intensity of crashing sea waves. Another proposed solution is to build artificial islands that would act as a buffer to sensitive coastlines. Of course, the long term, most permanent solution to manage rising sea levels would be to reduce our carbon footprint.
“Florence, Italy: Cradle of the Renaissance.” Visit Florence - Fall in Love with Florence, Italy!, www.visitflorence.com/.
“Sea Level Rise Causes, Effects, and Solutions You Ought to Know.” HelpSaveNature, HelpSaveNature, 24 Feb. 2018, helpsavenature.com/sea-level-rise-causes-effects-potential-solutions.
Wells, Nicholas. “Rising Sea Levels Threaten New Parts of the Italian Coast.” Euronews, 6 July 2018, www.euronews.com/2018/07/06/rising-sea-levels-threaten-new-parts-of-the-italian-coast.
Los Angeles, California: San Andres Faults Earthquake
Sunny Los Angeles, California is home to big things: Hollywood, the Lakers, and also the San Andreas Fault Line. The San Andreas fault line is the boundary line between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. This boundary has been slowing pulling apart, creating a rift, which makes California especially susceptible to major earthquakes. The fault line usually steadily moves a few inches every year, but in certain places there won't be movement for years. The built up pressure in those areas cause earthquakes. The fault line runs directly through Rodeo Dr. and Beverly Hills Shopping District. The buildings directly on top of this line is in great danger of receiving damage if an earthquake were to happen in that area. For this reason, California law prevents further building directly on top of the San Andreas Fault Line. There are three major solutions proposed for managing earthquakes. One will be buildings with better building codes created to withstand earthquakes. Also, tearing down old buildings and rebuilding them. The second, as California law has already enacted, would be to not build directly on top of fault lines. The third would be better earthquake predictions.
II, Rong-Gong Lin, and Raoul Rañoa. “Earthquake Fault Runs through Rodeo Drive and Beverly Hills' Shopping District, California Geologists Say.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 24 Jan. 2018, www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-beverly-hills-santa-monica-fault-20180124-htmlstory.html.
“The San Andreas Fault.” Geology, geology.com/articles/san-andreas-fault.shtml.
The San Andreas Fault - XI. What Can Be Done, pubs.usgs.gov/gip/earthq3/done.html.
Miami, Florida: Hurricane
Miami, Florida is home to beautiful beaches, nightlife, and even art. In Coconut Grove, peacocks roam the neighborhood streets. Nearby you can purchase original Dali paintings at local art shops. Hurricanes are also popular in Miami, and I don’t just mean their football team. The reason Miami is a popular destination for these natural disasters is because of where hurricanes often form. They often form off the southern tip of Africa where easterly winds blow them across the warm waters of the Atlantic. Miami happens to be in the path of these hurricanes. Over the years, hurricanes in Miami have caused great destruction and many deaths. A proposed solution to managing these hurricanes is to build helical piles. These piles are spherical poles that are built deep into the ground under the foundation of houses or buildings. These piles help to take the weight of the building off of the foundation and onto the piles. They help support the building and protect it against gale force winds and rising waters.
“A Common-Sense Solution to Hurricane Devastation.” Latest News, www.smartcitiesdive.com/ex/sustainablecitiescollective/common-sense-solution-hurricane-devastation/1275376/.
Dobuzinskis, Alex. “Factbox: Florida's Most Deadly and Destructive Hurricanes.” Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 8 Sept. 2017, www.reuters.com/article/us-storm-irma-florida-hurricanes/factbox-floridas-most-deadly-and-destructive-hurricanes-idUSKCN1BJ2HH.
Why Does Florida Have So Many Hurricanes? . Quora.com, www.quora.com/Why-does-Florida-have-so-many-hurricanes.