History of the United States (1918–1945) | Wikipedia audio article
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
History of the United States (1918–1945)
00:03:34 1 1919: strikes, riots and scares
00:05:20 2 Aftermath of World War I
00:07:12 3 Women's suffrage
00:08:54 4 Roaring Twenties
00:09:32 4.1 Prosperity
00:11:01 4.2 Unions
00:13:12 4.3 Immigration restriction
00:13:50 4.4 Jazz
00:15:04 4.5 Prohibition
00:15:52 4.6 Ku Klux Klan
00:17:34 4.7 Scopes "Monkey" Trial
00:18:37 4.8 Federal government
00:22:00 4.9 Foreign policy 1919-41
00:25:25 4.10 Mexico
00:26:42 4.11 Intervention ends in Latin America
00:27:31 4.12 Isolationism in 1930s
00:27:54 4.13 Coming of War: 1937-41
00:29:39 5 Great Depression
00:32:26 5.1 The New Deal
00:33:58 5.2 "Bank holiday" and Emergency Banking Act
00:36:00 5.3 Economy Act
00:36:51 5.4 Farm programs
00:39:00 5.5 'Alphabet soup'
00:39:52 5.6 Second New Deal
00:41:27 5.7 Labor agitation
00:43:25 5.8 Recession of 1937 and recovery
00:45:47 5.9 World War II and the end of the Great Depression
00:46:54 5.10 Legacies of the New Deal
00:49:26 6 World War II
00:49:35 6.1 Foreign and military policy
00:52:20 6.2 Homefront
00:52:29 6.2.1 Economics
00:54:02 6.2.2 Taxes and controls
00:55:09 6.2.3 Rationing
00:57:30 6.2.4 Work force
00:59:43 6.2.5 Labor unions
01:02:00 6.2.6 Racial tensions
01:02:33 6.2.7 Japanese American internment
01:03:03 7 End of an era
01:04:07 8 See also
01:04:45 9 Notes
01:04:54 10 Further reading
01:05:03 11 External links
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"The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing."
The history of the United States from 1918 through 1945 covers the post-World War I era, the Great Depression, and World War II. After World War I, the U.S. rejected the Treaty of Versailles and did not join the League of Nations.
In 1920, the manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol was prohibited by an amendment to the United States Constitution. Possession of liquor, and drinking it, was never illegal. The overall level of alcohol consumption did go down, however, state and local governments avoided aggressive enforcement. The federal government was overwhelmed with cases, so that bootlegging and speakeasies flourished in every city, and well-organized criminal gangs exploded in numbers, finances, power, and influence on city politics.Widespread domestic-terrorist attacks from radicals, like the 1920 Wall Street Bombing and the 1919 United States anarchist bombings created concern for most Americans, and sparked the first Red Scare. Although most Americans decried the attacks, many citizens in the labor and socialist movements were growing frustrated with the growing level of income inequality during that time.
Culture wars between fundamentalist Christians and modernists became more vicious, as demonstrated by the resurgence of the KKK, the temperance movement and the highly publicized Scopes Trial.
During most of the 1920s, the United States enjoyed a period of sustained prosperity. Agriculture went through a bubble in soaring land prices that collapsed in 1921, and that sector remained depressed. Coal mining was shrinking as oil became the main energy source. Otherwise most sectors prospered. Prices were stable, and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew steadily until 1929, when the financial bubble burst.
In foreign policy President Wilson helped found the League of Nations but the U.S. never joined it, as the Congress was reluctant to give up its constitutional role in declaring war. The nation instead took the initiative to disarm the world, most notably at the Washington Conference in 1921–22. Washington also stabilized the European economy through the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan. The Immigration Act of 1924 was aimed at stabilizing the traditional ethnic balance and strictly limiting the total inflow. The act completely blocked Asian immigrants, providing no means for them to get in.The Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the ensuing Great Depression led to government efforts to restart the economy and help its victims. The recovery, however, was very slow. The nadir of the Great Depression was ...